Park Highlights

Massive eruptive rocks and craters of old volcanoes in the Călimani National Park (Parcul National Călimani) are spawned over breathtaking landscapes, matched by the presence of large areas of natural ecosystems and the abundance of Swiss stone pine and juniper trees.

The Călimani Mountains features the highest massif in the Romanian volcanic chain, the Pietrosu Peak (standing at 6896 ft.).

The natural erosion process in the volcanic plateau has led to the formation of the unusual shaped 12 Apostles (Cei 12 Apostoli), Red Stones (Pietrele Rosii) and Nefertiti geological reserves.

Mountain with volcanic origins, Călimani features the biggest inactive caldera in Europe (about 6 miles in diameter).

Fast Facts

LocationNorthern side of Eastern Carpathians (Bistrita – Nasaud, Harghita, Mures and Suceava counties)
Size64,000 acres  
Best known forThe volcanic plateau dominated by the Calimani caldera and the abundance of Swiss stone pine and juniper trees that shelter the endangered black grouse (Tetrao tetrix)
Natural featuresMassive eruptive rocks, Craters of old volcanoes, Swiss stone pine and juniper tree forests
ActivitiesCross-country skiing, Hiking, Mountain biking,
Horseback riding, Skiing, Wildlife and birds watching

Natural attractions

Iezerul Călimani Natural Reservation preserving the natural elements of vegetation and featuring the beautiful Iezer Lake bordered with dwarf pine and alpine roses

12 Apostles, Red Stone, and Nefertiti geological reserves

Tihu Waterfall – located at the confluence of Tihu and Paraul Umed brooks

Retitis Peak - from the top, there are magnificent views of Ceahlau Mountain and the distant Fagaras Mountains on clear days.

Flora and Fauna

For those interested in botany, Călimani National Park makes it possible to observe 774 species of plants, many of them marked as rare: alpine leek (Allium victorialis), narcissus anemone (Anemone narcissifolia), and mountains soldanella (Soldanella Montana). In juniper tree forests or on soils of volcanic nature, the rose bay (Rhododendron myrtifolium) is frequently encountered.

Călimani National Park is home to several endangered species,such as: the bear (Ursus arctos), the elk (cervus elaphus), the wild boar (sus scrofa), the roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), the wolf (Canis lupus), the tree marten (Martes martes) and the lynx (Lynx lynx). The cedar forest and juniper trees area on the western slope of the Călimani Mountain is home to the black grouse (Tetrao tetrix), a very rare species in Romania.

Nearby Attractions

The Painted Monasteries of Bucovina -

The Rodnei Mountains National Park

The wooden architecture, rural life and civilization of the traditional Maramures villages -

The glacier lakes, waterfalls, volcanic mountains, caves and the geological reserve Creasta Cocosului in the Viseu Valley

Park Essentials

Main access points

Gura Haitii, Dorna Candrenilor, Poiana Stampei, Rastolnita, Ilva

How to get here

By air

Nearest airports located in:

Cluj, Suceava, Targu Mures

By car

European road E 85/E 576 to Dorna Candrenilor (Bucuresti - Suceava – Vatra Dornei -Bistrita)

By train

Nearby train stations: Ilva Mica, Lunca Bradului, Vatra Dornei

Train schedules: To check the latest train schedules for domestic routes please visit the website of the Romanian Railways:
The site has complete information about domestic train schedules and fares.
Note: For departures from/to Bucharest please select Bucuresti Nord.


Camping areas inside the park area, Villages around the park offer tourist facilities, including accommodation.

Tourist info

Călimani National Park Administration
Telephone: 0230 374.197 or 0230 371.104